Mary Bomberger Brown

Mary Bomberger Brown

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Title Program Coordinator, Tern & Plover Conservation Partnership
Address 516 Hardin Hall
3310 Holdrege Street
Lincoln NE
68583-0995
Phone 402-472-8878
FAX 402-472-2946
E-mail mbrown9@unl.edu
Vitae Download file
Office Hours

M - F 8 am to 5 pm

Mary Bomberger Brown joined the Tern and Plover Conservation Partnership as program coordinator in 2007. The Partnership, based in the School of Natural Resources, was established in 1999 as a cooperative endeavor by the University of Nebraska, the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the aggregate mining industry, and the Nebraska Environmental Trust.

The Partnership works with sand and gravel mining companies, real estate developers, property owners, and the public to ensure that Nebraska's Interior Least Terns (Sternula antillarum athalassos) and Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) are undisturbed during the nesting season. Terns and plovers are protected by the federal Endangered Species Act, the Nebraska Nongame and Endangered Species Conservation Act, and the International Migratory Bird Conservation Act. Terns are listed as endangered and plovers are listed as threatened. The Nebraska Natural Legacy Project lists both as Tier 1 At-Risk species in the state.

In the Great Plains, terns and plovers prefer to nest on sparsely vegetated river sandbars. "However, with all of the changes that have taken place over the years, our rivers aren't what they once were, so there aren't as many sandbars available to the birds for nesting," Bomberger Brown said. "But there are a lot of sand and gravel mines and lakeshore housing developments in Nebraska. The birds are seeing the sand spill piles at mines and the sandy beaches at housing developments as perfectly good places to nest." This puts these two legally protected species in conflict with human activities. By anticipating the birds' behavior and human activity at mines and housing developments, the Partnership is able to deter birds from nesting in certain areas, and to steer them toward spots where they can nest safely. "There haven't been any violations of state or federal endangered species protection laws in relation to terns and plovers in Nebraska since the Partnership was founded," Bomberger Brown said. "That is something we're very proud of."

Mary color-bands, weighs and measures terns and plovers as part of the TPCP research and monitoring program.
Mary color-bands, weighs and measures terns and plovers as part of the TPCP research and monitoring program.

Bomberger Brown spent every summer from 1979 to 2006 doing field research on Cliff Swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) at the University of Nebraska's Cedar Point Biological Station in western Nebraska. She spent the rest of each year in a research faculty position at different academic institutions: four years at Princeton University, 10 years at Yale University, and 14 years at the University of Tulsa.

She and her long-time research partner, Charles R. Brown, published many articles and books during those years, sharing their findings regarding bird behavior, demographics, epidemiology, population genetics, and natural history. In 2009, they received the Elliott Coues medal from the American Ornithologists' Union for outstanding and innovative contributions to ornithological research.

Bomberger Brown received a Ph.D. in Applied Ecology in the School of Natural Resources in 2011. She has bachelor's (with distinction) and master's degrees from the University of Nebraska's School of Biological Sciences.

Selected Publications

Johnson, A. E., Mitchell, J. S., Brown, M. B. 2017. Convergent evolution in social swallows (Aves: Hirundinidaes). Ecology and Evolution (with cover), 7:550-560. Online
Raynor, E.J., C.E.Whalen, M.B.Brown, and L.A. Powell. 2017. Grassland bird community and acoustic complexity appear unaffected by proximity to a wind energy facility in the Nebraska Sandhills. The Condor. 119(3):484-496. Online
Zeigler, S. L., Catlin, D. H., Brown, M. B., Fraser, J. D., Dinan, L. R., Hunt, K. L., Jorgensen, J. G., Karpanty, S. M. 2017. Effects of climate change and anthropogenic modification on a disturbance-dependent species in a large riverine system. Ecosphere (with cover), 8. Online
Brown, C. R., Brown, M. B., Roche, E. A., Moore, A. T., O'Brien, V. A., Page, C. E. 2016. Fluctuating survival selection explains variation in avian group size. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 113:5113-5118. Online
Burnett, J. L., Allen, C. R., Brown, M. B., Moulton, M. P., Roberts, C. P. 2016. Range expansion by Passer montanus in North America. Biological Invasions. 19:5-9. Online
Catlin, D. H., Zeigler, S. L., Brown, M. B., Dinan, L. R., Fraser, J. D., Hunt, K. L., Jorgensen, J. G. 2016. Metapopulation viability of an endangered shorebird depends on man-made habitats: Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) and prairie rivers. Movement Ecology, DOI: 10.1186/340462-016-0072-y [4:6]. Online
Jorgensen, J. G., Brown, M. B. 2016. Recreationists' impact perceptions and acceptance capacity toward Piping Plovers Charadrius melodus on a public beach, Nebraska, USA. Wader Study, 123:59-68. Online
Jorgensen, J. G., Brown, M. B., Dinan, L. R. 2016. Flight initiation distances of nesting Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) in response to human disturbance. Avian Conservation and Ecology, DOI:10.5751/ACE-00826-110105[11:5]. Online
McGregor, C., Bruster, E., M. B. B., Dinan, L. R., Jorgensen, J. G. 2016. Evidence of occurrence of Black Rail (Laterallus jamiacensis) in the Nebraska Rainwater Basin. Nebraska Bird Review.
Powell, L. A., Brown, M. B., Smith, J. A., Harrison, J. O., Whalen, C. E. (in press). Modeling the spatial effects of disturbance: a constructive critique to provide evidence of ecological thresholds. Wildlife Biology.
Smith, J. A., Whalen, C. E., Brown, M. B., Powell, L. A. 2016. Indirect effects of a wind energy facility on lekking behavior of Greater Prairie-Chickens, Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus. Ethology, 122, 419-429. Online
Smith, J., Whalen, C. E., Brown, M., Powell, L. A. 2016. Indirect Effects of an Existing Wind Energy Facility on Lekking Behavior of Greater Prairie-Chickens. Ethology, 122:419-429. Online
Brown, C. R., Brown, M. B. (2015). Ectoparasitism constrains the length of the breeding season in a migratory songbird. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (Open Science), 2, dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.140508 Online
Brown, C. R., Roche, E. A., Brown, M. B. (2015). Parent-offspring resemblance in colony-specific adult survival of cliff swallows. Evolutionary Ecology, 29, 537-550. Online
Hunt, K. L., Dinan, L. R., Friedrich, M. J., Brown, M. B., Jorgensen, J. G., Catlin, D. H., Fraser, J. D. (2015). Double brooding of Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) in the Northern Great Plains. Waterbirds, 38, 321-329. Online
Jorgensen, J. G., Brown, M. B. (2015). Evaluating recreationists’ knowledge and attitudes toward Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) at Lake McConaughy, Nebraska, USA. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 20, 367-380.
Oden, A., Brown, M., Burbach, M., Brandle, J. R., Quinn, J. E. (2015). Variation in avian vocalizations during the non-breeding season in response to traffic noise. Ethology, 121, 472-479. Online
Smith, J., Matthews, T. W., Holcomb, E. D., Negus, L. P., Davis, C. A., Brown, M., Powell, L. A., Taylor, J. S. 2015. Invertebrate prey selection by ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) broods in Nebraska. American Midland Naturalist 173:318-325. Online
Brown, C. R., Brown, M. B. (2014). Breeding time in a migratory songbird is predicted by drought severity and group size. Ecology, 95, 2736-2744. Online
Brown, C. R., Roche, E. A., Brown, M. B. (2014). Variation in age composition among colony sizes in Cliff Swallows. Journal of Field Ornithology, 85, 289-300. Online
Brown, M. B., Roche, E. A., Brown, C. R. (2014). Feather growth and skeletal size of juvenile Cliff Swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) are affected by climatic conditions during rearing. Ornithological Science, 14, 419.
Johnsgard, P. E. Fowler, M. Forsberg, M. Bomberger Brown, D. Ebbeka, J. Loomis and P. Freeman. 2014. Game Birds of the World: A catalog of the Madison collection. School of Natural Resources, and University of e Museum. 117 pp. Online
Jorgensen, J. G., Brown, M. B. (2014). Piping Plovers and dogs: compliance with and attitudes toward a leash law on public beaches at Lake McConaughy, Nebraska, USA. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 121, 7-12.
Roche, E. A., Brown, M. B., Brown, C. R. (2014). The effect of weather experienced during rearing on feather growth and skeletal size of juvenile Cliff Swallows. Prairie Naturalist, 46, 77-88. Online
Brown, C. R. and M.B. Brown. 2013. Where has all the road kill gone? Current Biology 23: R233 – R234. Online
Brown, C. R., Brown, M., Roche, E. A. (2013). Spatial and temporal dynamics of colony size in Cliff Swallows across 30 years. Ecological Monographs, 83, 511-530 Online
Brown, C. R., M.B. Brown and E.A. Roche. 2013. Fluctuating viability selection on morphology of cliff swallows driven by climate. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26: 1120-1142 Online
Roche, E. A., Brown, C. R., Brown, M., Lear, K. M. (2013). Exploring recapture heterogeneity in cliff swallows: increased exposure to mist nets leads to net avoidance. PLoS One, 8(3): e58092. Online
Dinan, L. R., Jorgensen, J. G., Brown, M. (2012). Interior Least Tern power line collision on the lower Platte River. Prairie Naturalist, 44, 109-110. Online
Jorgensen, J. G., Brown, M., Tyre, A. D. J. (2012). Channel width and Interior Least Tern and Piping Plover nesting incidence on the lower Platte River, Nebraska. Great Plains Research, 22, 59-67. Online
Brown, M.B. 2011. Natural selection and age-related variation in morphology of a colonial bird. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Online
Brown, M.B. and C. R. Brown. 2011. Intense natural selection on morphology of Cliff Swallows a decade later: did the population move between adaptive peaks? Auk 128: 69 – 77. Online
Brown, M.B., Burbach, M.E., Dinan, J., Held, R.J., Johnson, R.J., Jorgensen, J.G., Lackey, J., Marcus, J.F., Matkin, G.S., & Thody, C.M. (2011). Nebraska's Tern and Plover Conservation Partnership: A model for sustainable conservation of threatened and endangered species. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 118(1), 22-25. Online
Brown, M. B. and C. R. Brown. 2009. Blood sampling reduces annual survival in Cliff Swallows, Auk, 126: 853-861. Online
Brown, C. R., M. B. Brown, A. Padhi, J. E. Foster, M. Pfeffer, A. T. Moore, and N. Komar. 2008. Host and vector movement predicts genetic diversity and spatial structure of Buggy Creek Virus, a bird-associated arbovirus in the western Great Plains, U.S.A., Molecular Ecology 17: 2164 - 2173.
Brown, C. R., N. Komar, S. B. Quick, R. A. Sethi, N. A. Panella, M. B. Brown, and M. Pfeffer. 2001. Arbovirus infection increases with group size. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268: 1733 - 1840. Online
Brown, C. R. and M. B. Brown. 2000. Heritable basis for choice of group size in a colonial bird, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 97: 14825 - 14830. Online
Brown, C. R. and M. B. Brown. 1996. Coloniality in the Cliff Swallow: the effect of group size on social behavior, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL 566pp.
Brown, C. R. and M. B. Brown. 1988. A new form of reproductive parasitism in Cliff Swallows. Nature 331: 66 - 68.

 

Selected Presentations

Natural Selection and Age-related Variation in Morphology of a Colonial Bird
  • Presentation Type: Dissertation Defense
  • Date: 4/18/2011
  • Abstract:

    In May 1996, inclement weather led to the deaths of thousands of Cliff Swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) in Nebraska. Survivors had larger skeletons, shorter wings and tails, and less wing asymmetry than non-survivors. This population was followed for 10 years to study 1) whether natural selection events result in permanent microevolutionary changes, 2) if variation in climate affects the development of morphological traits, and 3) if morphological traits vary systematically with age.

    Patterns in morphology exhibited by swallows following the selection event were studied by measuring yearling birds. Wing and middle tail lengths decreased, beak length and width increased, tarsus length was unchanged, and the amount of wing asymmetry increased. The cumulative directional change in wing, tail, and beak length was greater after the selection event than during the event. This variation was not explained by phenotypic plasticity resulting from better environmental conditions, because conditions were not significantly different before and after the event. There was no evidence opposing selection restored skeletal size or wing or tail length to that before the selection event. This continued change in morphology may represent the population shifting to a different fitness peak in the adaptive landscape.

    The way variation in climatic conditions (and food resources) affects the morphological development of juvenile swallows was studied. In cooler years birds allocated less growth to wings and tails than they did in warmer years, while maintaining normal levels of skeletal growth and body mass. Changes in juvenile feather growth in response to rearing conditions persisted into the first breeding season.

    The extent morphological traits vary with age across a bird's lifetime was examined. Juveniles had shorter wings and tails, lower body mass, smaller skeletal size and lower levels of fluctuating asymmetry than adults. Among adult age classes, wing and tail length increased with age and wing and tail fluctuating asymmetry decreased with age. There was no evidence for degenerative senescence in swallows, as the decline in fluctuating asymmetry suggests the oldest birds maintain high levels of phenotypic performance. This age-related variation in morphology suggests that age should be considered in future analyses of morphological variation in passerines.

Educational Background

  • BS - University of Nebraska-Lincoln, School of Biological Science, Biology (1979)
  • MS - University of Nebraska-Lincoln, School of Biological Science, Biology (Ornithology) (1982)
  • PhD - University of Nebraska-Lincoln, School of Natural Resources, Natural Resource Sciences with a specialization in Applied Ecology (2011)

Awards

  • 8/2013 – Fellow of the American Ornithologists' Union awarded by American Ornithologists' Union 
  • April 2013 – Outstanding Bird Conservation Award awarded by Nebraska Bird Partnership 

SNR Mission Area(s)

  • Applied Ecology

Affiliations (index)

Notable Websites

Areas of Interest

  • Tern and Plover Conservation Partnership
  • Ornithology
  • Wildlife Ecology
  • Conservation
  • Birds
  • Urban Wildlife

Currently this page only displays grants that were awarded on 1/1/2009 to the present. If a grant was awarded prior to 1/1/2009 and is still active, it will not be displayed on this page.

Grant Title At-Risk Bird Species Surveys, Monitoring and Research
Starting Date 2/9/2017
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 2/28/2018
Funding Level $20,000.00
Funding Source

 
Grant Title Non-Game Bird Research Assistance
Starting Date 12/1/2006
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 8/31/2017
Funding Level $40,208.00
Funding Source Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

 
Grant Title Tern and Plover Conservation (additional funding)
Starting Date 9/15/2016
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 6/30/2019
Funding Level $75,000.00
Funding Source Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

 
Grant Title At-Risk Bird Species Surveys, Monitoring and Research
Starting Date 4/1/2016
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 2/28/2018
Funding Level $30,596.00
Funding Source Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

 
Grant Title Tern and Plover Conservation (additional funding)
Starting Date 4/3/2014
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 6/30/2015
Funding Level $58,880.00
Funding Source Nebraska Environmental Trust

 
Grant Title Toward Adaptive Management Evaluating Piping Plover Management at Lake McConaughy NE
Starting Date 9/11/2013
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 12/31/2015
Funding Level $34,509.00
Funding Source Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

 
Grant Title Tern and Plover Conservation (additional funding)
Starting Date 4/1/2013
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 6/30/2014
Funding Level $77,577.00
Funding Source Nebraska Environmental Trust

 
Grant Title Piping Plover Management at Lake McConaughy, NE
Starting Date 3/28/2013
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 7/31/2014
Funding Level $14,576.00
Funding Source Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

 
Grant Title Persistent Effects of Wind-Power Development on Prairie Grouse in Nebraska
Starting Date 1/29/2013
Principal Investigators
Larkin Powell
Co-PIs
Mary Bomberger Brown
Jen Smith
Ending Date 6/30/2016
Funding Level $88,300.00
Funding Source Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

 
Grant Title Tern and Plover Conservation (Additional Funding)
Starting Date 7/1/2012
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 6/30/2015
Funding Level $75,000.00
Funding Source Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

 
Grant Title Tern and Plover Conservation
Starting Date 4/25/2012
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 6/30/2013
Funding Level $54,362.00
Funding Source Nebraska Environmental Trust

 
Grant Title Persistent Effects of Wind-Power Development on Prairie Grouse in Nebraska
Starting Date 1/19/2012
Principal Investigators
Larkin Powell
Co-PIs
Mary Bomberger Brown
TJ Fontaine
Ending Date 6/30/2016
Funding Level $598,000.00
Funding Source Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

 
Grant Title A Common Sense Approach to Interior Least Tern and Piping Plover Conservation in Nebraska
Starting Date 3/18/2010
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 9/15/2011
Funding Level $10,000.00
Funding Source Nebraska Bird Partnership

 
Grant Title Restoring Interior Least Tern and Piping Plover Populations by Restoring Lower Platte River Sandbar Habitat
Starting Date 3/18/2010
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 9/15/2011
Funding Level $49,336.00
Funding Source Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

 
Grant Title Advancing Tern and Plover Common Sense Conservation (additional funding)
Starting Date 4/1/2010
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 6/30/2011
Funding Level $70,000.00
Funding Source Nebraska Environmental Trust

 
Grant Title Advancing Tern and Plover Common Sense Conservation into the Future
Starting Date 4/17/2009
Principal Investigators
Mary Bomberger Brown
Ending Date 6/30/2010
Funding Level $70,000.00
Funding Source Nebraska Educational Telecommunications

 

Graduate Program(s)

Master of Science in Natural Resource Sciences


including specializations in
  • Applied Ecology