Karl Reinhard

Karl Reinhard

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  • My Story
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Title Environmental Archaeologist
Address 719 Hardin Hall
3310 Holdrege Street
Lincoln NE
68583-0987
Phone 402-875-2863
FAX 402-472-2946
E-mail kreinhard1@mac.com
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Office Hours

M, R 2:00 - 5:00 PM HARH 32

Greetings,

I am Karl Reinhard, professor in Forensic Science in School of Natural Resources. I am also a Fulbright Commission Senior Specialist in Botanical Archaeology and served as a Fulbrighter three times: Brazil 2001, Brazil 2005, and Peru 2007. I have been a member of the UNL staff since 1989. I served in the Department of Anthropology from 1989 to 1999 before joining the School of Natural Resources in 2000.

My career has had many dimensions. In my early years, I was a field archaeologist in the southwest. My work with Linda Gregonis on Hohokam archaeology can be seen at http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/onlinebks/hohokam/titlhoho.htm. In the past few years, I have returned to those roots, especially Ancestral Pueblo archaeology. Links to recent articles can be found in the Publications tab of this site. In the next years, I will explore the cause of the modern diabetes epidemic among southwestern USA tribes from this archaeological perspective. With regard to diabetes, I have collected dietary data for the U.S. Southwest that spans a 10,000-year period. These data, when interpreted in context of new nutritional data that have been collected by other researchers, provide important insight into the relationship of plant use to cultural development and its effect on the evolution of human metabolism.

The main aim of my career between 1985 and 2005 has been to find explanations for modern patterns of disease in the archaeological and historic record. I developed a new area of specialization, called archaeoparasitology. This is an approach to understanding the evolution of parasitic disease. It is also the topic of a new course I am developing for UNL students. Based on a Fulbright teaching-research award to Brazil in 2001, I helped edit a volume of papers on this topic which can be viewed at http://memorias.ioc.fiocruz.br/98sup/98sup.html.

I have also done research in Andean paleoethnobotany, which is the use of plants by ancient peoples. I began this research in 1988 with Chinchorro (an ancient tribe of Chilean Indians) mummy intestinal contents. The research was expanded in 1990, when I participated in NSF-funded excavation and autopsy of more than 100 mummies from the Moquegua Valley of southern Peru. My analysis of several hundred samples resulted in new methods for identification of Andean foods and in the stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic reconstruction of diet for the valley. Key results of the study defined the origins of maize agriculture and subsistence specializations in different ecological zones of the valley. This work was augmented in 1993 when I and my colleagues completed trace elemental analysis of mummies. In 1996, I carried out ethnobotanical studies in Huancayo, Peru, and pioneered a new method of dietary analysis of dental calculus study of a formative skeletal series from Ilo, Peru. In 1997-1998, with funding from the Universidad de Tarapaca, Chile, I and my students traced the impact of the Inca Empire expansion on diet in ancient Chile. The most recent paper on that work can be found at http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0008069.

Most recently, Sara LeRoy-Toren (Lincoln High School Science Focus Program) and I studied plant anatomy microstructure to identify the diet of Chinchorro people. We found evidence that the oldest cultures in the Atacama Desert subsisted on wetland species of plants. Previously, archaeologists thought that the cultures were completely dependent on marine animals: fish, shellfish and sea lions. The discovery of wetland plants was s surprise since wetlands in the Atacama Desert had not been recognized. At the end of 2007, Chilean colleagues and I found a remote part of a small Atacama river valley that still had refugia of three of the four wetland types evidenced in the mummies. Cattail, horsetail, and sedges were growing abundantly. All of us realized then that we had overlooked these plant foods, largely because most of the wetlands disappeared under cultivation at the origin of agriculture in the region. Since then, we also looked at the fish remains and fish tapeworm prevalence. Some cemeteries are almost free of infection while others have a 33% prevalence of infection. What we found is that El Nino events alter the variety of fish available to coastal fisherman, even today, and this made and makes people more susceptible to infection today.

Bernardo Arriaza and Karl Reinhard exploring the pollen production of cattails in the Atacama Desert, Chile
Bernardo Arriaza and Karl Reinhard exploring the pollen production of cattails in the Atacama Desert, Chile

Since 2008, when I joined the UNL Forensic Science Degree Program, my responsibilities shifted from research to teaching. Since 1989, I served the state of Nebraska as a forensic scientist. Now, I am taking the lessons I learned at crime scenes and in the morgue to the classroom. I am teaching courses in the analysis of pollen and human remains in forensic settings.

In addition, I am spearheading the efforts to develop forensic science degree programs in other countries. As a result of this work, the UNL Forensic Science Degree Program has a partner with the Lagos State University College of Medicine Forensic Science Program in Nigeria. The Forensic Science Degree Program is in the final stages of developing a similar cooperative program with the Brazilian National School of Public Health at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro. These joint ventures will provide valuable international experience in UNL forensic science students.

Karl Reinhard and colleaugues

Selected Publications

Cleeland,LM, Mason R, Tito RY, Reinhard K, Lewis CM (2013) Clarifying Prehistoric Parasitism from a Complementary Morphological and Molecular Approach. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:3060-3066.
Haas, J., Creamer, W., Huamán, L., Goldstein, D., Reinhard, K., Vergel, C., Ruiz A (2013) Evidence for Maize (Zea mays) in the Late Archaic (3000-1800 CE) in the Norte Chico region of Peru. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(13):4945-4949.
Piombino-Mascali D, Zink AR, Reinhard KJ, Lein M, Panzer S, Aufderheide AC, Rachid R, De Souza W, Araujo A, Chaves SAM, Teixeira-Santos I, Dutra J, (2013) Dietary Analysis of Piraino 1, Sicily, Italy: the Role of Archaeopalynology in Forensic Science. Journal of Archaeological Science 40: 1935–1945.
Reinhard K, Ferreira LF, Bouchet F, Sianto L, Dutra JMF, Iniguez A., Leles D, Le Bailly M, Fugassa M, Pucu E, Araújo A (2013). Food, parasites, and epidemiological transitions: a broad perspective. International Journal of Paleopathology (in press).
Searcey N, Reinhard KJ, Gardner SL, Egarter-Vigl E, Maixner F, Piombino-Mascali D, Zink A, Van Der Sanden W, Bianucci R (2013) Parasitism of the Zweeloo Woman Bog Body International Journal of Paleopathology (in press).
Jiménez FA, Gardner SL, Araújo A, Fugassa M, Brooks RH, Racz E, Reinhard KJ (2012) Zoonotic and Human Parasites of Inhabitants of Cueva de Los Muertos Chiquitos, Rio Zape Valley, Durango, México. Journal of Parasitology 98:304-309.
Leles D, Gardner S, Reinhard K, Iniguez A, Araujo A (2012) Are Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum a single species? Parasites & Vectors 5:42.
Reinhard KJ, Johnson KL, LeRoy-Toren S, Wieseman K, Teixeira-Santos I, Vieira M (2012) Understanding the Pathoecological Relationship between Ancient Diet and Modern Diabetes through Coprolite Analysis: A Case Example from Antelope Cave, Mojave County, Arizona. Current Anthropology 53: (in press).
Eggers S, Parks M, Grupe G, Reinhard KJ (2011) Paleoamerican Diet, Migration and Morphology in Brazil: Archaeological Complexity of the Earliest Americans. PLoS ONE 6(9): e23962. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023962   On-Line
Fugassa MH, Reinhard KJ, Johnson KL, Vieira M, Araújo A (2011) Parasitism of prehistoric humans and companion animals from Antelope Cave Mojave County, Arizona. Journal of Parasitology 97: 862-867.
Kumm K, Reinhard KJ, Araújo A, Piombino-Mascali D (2011) The Parasitology of the Piraino 1 Mummy, Sicily, Italy. Anthropologie: International Journal of the Science of Man 48:177–184.
Reinhard KJ, LeRoy-Toren S, Arriaza B (2011) Where Have All the Plant Foods Gone? The Search for Refined Dietary Reconstruction from Chinchorro Mummies. Yearbook of Mummy Studies 1:139-151.
Arriaza BT, Reinhard KJ, Araújo AG, Orellana NC, Standen VG (2010) Possible Influence of ENSO Phenomenon on the Pathoecology of Diphyllobothriasis and Anisakiasis in ancient Chinchorro Populations. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 105: 66-72.
Kucera M, Panny D, Boyadjian CH, Reinhard K, Eggers S (2010) Efficient But Destructive: A Test Of The Dental Wash Technique Using Secondary Electron Microscopy. Journal of Archaeological Science (epub 26 Sept, 2010)   On-Line
Leles D, Reinhard KJ, Fugassa M, Ferreira LF, Iniguez AM, Araújo A (2010) A parasitological paradox: Why is ascarid infection so rare in the prehistoric Americas? Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 1510-1520.   On-Line
Wesolowski V, de Souza SMM, Reinhard KJ, Ceccantini G (2010) Evaluating Microfossil Content of Dental Calculus from Brazilian Sambaquis. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 1326-1338.   On-Line
Araújo A, Jansen AM, Reinhard K, Ferreira LF (2009) Paleoparasitology of Chagas disease: A review. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.   On-Line
Sianto L, Chame M, Silva CSP, Gonçalves MLC, Reinhard K, Fugassa M, Araújo A (2009) Animal Helminths in Human Archaeological Remains: A Review Of Zoonoses in the Past. Revista do Instituto de Medina Tropical de São Paulo 51:119-130.   On-Line
Vinton SD, Perry L, Reinhard KJ, Santoro CM, Teixeira-Santos I (2009) Impact of Empire Expansion on Household Diet: the Inka in Northern Chile's Atacama Desert. PLoS ONE 4: e8069. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008069   On-Line
Araújo A, Reinhard KJ, Ferreira LF, Gardner SL (2008) Parasites: probes for evidence of prehistoric human migrations. Trends in Parasitology 24: 112-115.   On-Line
Eggers S, Petronilho CC, Brandt K, Jerico-Daminello C, Filippini J, Reinhard KJ (2008) How does a riverine setting affect the lifestyle of shellmound builders in Brazil? HOMO-Journal of Comparative Human Biology.   On-Line
Fugassa M, Sardella N, Taglioretti V, Reinhard K, Araújo A (2008) Eimeriid Oocysts From Archaeological Samples in Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Parasitology 94:1418-1420.   On-Line
Johnson KL, Reinhard KJ, Sianto L, Araújo A, Gardner SL, Janovy Jr. J (2008) A tick from a prehistoric Arizona coprolite. Journal of Parasitology 94: 296-298.   On-Line
Meier DK, Reinhard KJ, Carter DO, Brooks DW (2008) Simulations with elaborated worked example modeling: beneficial effects on schema acquisition. Journal of Science Education and Technology 17:262-273.   On-Line
Reinhard KJ (2008) Parasite Pathoecology of Chacoan Great Houses: The Healthiest and Wormiest Ancestral Puebloans In, (PF Reed, ed) Chaco's Northern Prodigies Salmon, Aztec, and the Ascendancy of the Middle San Juan Region after AD 1100. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, 86-95.   On-Line
Reinhard KJ, Araújo A, Sianto L, Costello JG, Swope K. (2008) Chinese liver flukes in latrine sediments from Wong Nim's property, San Bernardino, California: Archaeoparasitology of the Caltrans District Headquarters. Journal of Parasitology 94:300-303.   On-Line
Reinhard KJ, Bryant VM (2008) Pathoecology and the Future of Coprolite Studies. In (AWM Stodder, ed.) Reanalysis and Reinterpretation in Southwestern Bioarchaeology. Arizona State University Press: Tempe, 199-216.   On-Line
Reinhard KJ, Chaves SAM, Iñiguez AM (2008) Chloroplast aDNA in Prehistoric Texas Coprolites: Evidence of Contamination, Medicine, and Diet. Journal of Archaeological Science 35: 1748-1755.   On-Line
Tito RY, Macmil S, Wiley G, Najar F, Cleeland L, Qu C, Wang P, Romagne F, Leonard S, Ruiz AJ, Reinhard K, Roe BA, Lewis CM Jr. (2008) Phylotyping and functional analysis of two ancient human microbiomes. PLoS ONE 3(11):e3703. Epub 2008 Nov 11.   On-Line

 

Selected Presentations

AVALIAÇÃO DE METODOLOGIAS FORENSES PARA COLETA DE PÓLEN Assessment of forensic methods for pollen collection
  • Presentation Type: Poster Presentation
  • Date: 5/16/2013
  • Abstract: The main goal in crime investigation is finding the perpetrator. DNA, fingerprints, hair, and footprints represent strong evidence for conviction. In the absence of such evidence, or to augment a case, we can also recover pollen grains from clothing and shoes of a suspect to link him/her to a crime scene or victim. In addition, pollen can provide data about environment and seasonality. Debates always circle around the methods of recovery. It is essential to avoid destructive methods, especially when a unique piece of evidence will be analyzed for different purposes over a period of time. However, how reliable are non-destructive methods such as cloth vacuuming and sonication? To answer this question, cotton cloth sections were saturated with equal amounts of three different pollen morphological types. These were tricolporate - high-spine (Asteraceae – Helianthus annuus), monoporate – psilate (Poaceae – Zea mays) and bisaccate (Pinaceae - Pinus ponderosa). Clothing fragments were submitted to four different treatments: 1. direct acetolysis of cloth; 2. vacuum-cleaning with cotton filters and then acetolysis; 3. cloth fragment directly treated with acetolysis after vacuuming; 4. cloth sonicated and residue acetolated. Our results revealed tendencies and biases in pollen recovery that should be considered when dealing with forensic evidence.
  • Full Citation: XIV SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO DE PALEOBOTÂNICA E PALINOLOGIA Marina Milanello do AMARAL1, Karl REINHARD2 1Instituto de Criminalística – SPTC, São Paulo, Brasil (marina_milanello@yahoo.com.br) 2University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Nebraska, Estados Unidos http://www.museunacional.ufrj.br/xivsbpp/programacao_XIVSBPP.pdf
Case Study: Determining Location of Homicide through Palynology
  • Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
  • Date: 5/16/2013
  • Abstract: Palynological studies were conducted in a 2003 homicide case in Nebraska, U.S.A. The pollen analysis tested multiple police working hypotheses regarding possible origin and transportation of the corpse. The hypotheses related to the origin of the corpse which could have been in Nebraska, New Mexico, or California. Pollen was processed from three different samples which included hair, intestinal tissue, and the underlying carpet on which the deceased was found. The microscopic analysis of the palynomorphs recovered dietary pollen grains and an environmental pollen spectrum with the Nebraska crime scene. Further studies were planned to collect and identify the pollen spectrum at the crime scene in order to strengthen the preliminary results. However, our preliminary results were sufficient for the authorities. A plea bargain brought closure to the case and terminated further studies at that time. Recently, the case samples were re-processed and re-analyzed, to further research objectives related to statistical validation from the field Archaeopalynology which is long established in quantitative methods and results. Preliminary results indicate that 200 counts of pollen are possible, that pollen concentration (along with specific methods and conditions), adds to the scientific validity of forensic palynological cases. By applying these set standards to Forensic Palynology, we will assist in the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council’s recommendations and guidelines in creating set standards in forensic science.
  • Full Citation: XIV SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO DE PALEOBOTÂNICA E PALINOLOGIA Nicole WALL1, Karl REINHARD 1 & Marina AMARAL2 1University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A. (nwall2@unl.edu) 2 Instituto de Criminalística SPTC - São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil http://www.museunacional.ufrj.br/xivsbpp/programacao_XIVSBPP.pdf
Detecting Contraband Tobacco Products through Pollen Analysis: Examining the Pollen Profile for Brazilian Tobacco
  • Presentation Type: Poster Presentation
  • Date: 5/16/2013
  • Abstract: Previous work by Donaldson and Stephens establishes methods for the analysis of pollen from tobacco to determine geographic origin of production. These researchers postulated that it was possible to identify signature pollen types, specific to geographic regions within a subcontinent. Subsequent research by Bryant and his colleagues threw into doubt the proposal that pollen analysis can be use to determine geographic origin of tobacco samples. We analyzed a tobacco sample from Brazil in an effort to identify signature taxa from the state of Minas Gerais to resolve this debate. We were successful in recovering pollen types that are specific to this Brazilian region and our analysis supports Donaldson and Stephens’s proposal. We reviewed the data presented by Bryant and his colleagues and found that they too were able to identify a regional signature. Therefore, pollen analysis can show the geographic origin of tobacco.
  • Full Citation: XIV SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO DE PALEOBOTÂNICA E PALINOLOGIA Shane Williams 1; Karl Reinhard 2; Sergio A. de M. Chaves 3 1, University of California Davis Forensic Science Graduate Program: 2 Forensic Science Program, University of Nebraska-Lincoln: 3, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz http://www.museunacional.ufrj.br/xivsbpp/programacao_XIVSBPP.pdf
PÓLEN EM CACHIMBOS DE MACONHA – Pollen grains from marijuana pipes\
  • Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
  • Date: 5/15/2013
  • Abstract: Among USA marijuana users, pipes are commonly used for smoking. Due to the constant airflow through the pipes during smoking, and the resin deposits within the pipe, pollen is concentrated inside of pipes. Interestingly, the heat of the pipe does not incinerate pollen. Therefore, pipes concentrate anemophilous pollen grains from the air where the pipe is smoked, as well as pollen grains trapped in marijuana material. Therefore, the development of sampling methods for pollen grains recovered from pipes can be useful in providing environmental information about marijuana use spots and, in some cases, about drug origin. In this study, two marijuana pipes were analyzed. The pollen spectrum was dominated by wetland types and a diversity of arboreal types. This association of plants can be found along the streams and ponds in Lincoln’s parks. These are the areas where teenagers commonly smoke marijuana. It is very likely that the pipes were used at these locations. Samples of unsmoked marijuana from the same suspects who used the pipes, showed completely different pollen spectra. One spectrum presented here is typical of prairie areas. Therefore, we conclude that the pollen in the pipes represents previous purchases of marijuana unrelated to the marijuana residue in the pipes. Most importantly, the pollen in the pipes contains pollen specific to Lincoln’s riparian parks.
  • Full Citation: XIV Simpósio Brasileiro de Paleobotânica e Palinologia PÓLEN EM CACHIMBOS DE MACONHA – Pollen grains from marijuana pipes Marina Milanello do AMARAL1, Karl REINHARD2 & Tif GARV2 1Instituto de Criminalística – SPTC, São Paulo, Brasil (marina_milanello@yahoo.com.br) 2University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Nebraska, Estados Unidos
PÓLEN EM ORGÃOS INTERNOS MUMIFICADOS DA ITÁLIA - Pollen From Mummified Human Internal Organs From Italy
  • Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
  • Date: 5/15/2013
  • Abstract: Pollen data was collected from three jars of intestinal remains from the Medici family of Florence, Italy dating to the Renaissance. In the most pollen-rich sample, a large concentration of Myrtaceae pollen was observed. In addition, the Myrtaceae grains were commonly found in clusters. This means that the pollen could have come from dietary practices due to its high concentration and clustering. Cloves is the most likely source of this pollen which exceeded 20,000 grains per gram of sample. However, other Myrtaceae species were used in the embalming process as either a preservative, a stuffing, or an aromatic compound to offset decomposition smell. In contrast, a second sample had a lower concentration with a great diversity of wind pollinated taxa, the most common being Olea. This sample represents the natural pollen rain of Spring in Florence. A third sample was dominated by spring pollinated types, but also exhibited a diverse spectrum of economic types including Trifolium, Triticum, Myrtaceae, Fagopyrum, and Brassica-type. These data show that the analysis of embalming jars containing internal organs has the potential of revealing aspects of diet, medicine and season of death.
  • Full Citation: XIV Simpósio Brasileiro de Paleobotânica e Palinologia Nicole B. GULSETH1, Annie LARSEN1, Kelsey B. LYNCH1, Karl REINHARD1, Marina AMARAL2, Dario PIOMBINO-MASCALI3 1University of Nebraska – Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA (kreinhard1@mac.com) 2 Instituto de Criminalística SPTC - São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil 3Institute for Mummies and the Iceman, EURAC, Bolzano, Italy http://www.museunacional.ufrj.br/xivsbpp/programacao_XIVSBPP.pdf
La Mita y Análisisde Dieta Durante el Horizonte Inca en los Valles de Arica
  • Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
  • Date: 6/21/2012
  • Abstract: When the Inka Empire incorporated indigenous farmers of northern Chile’s Atacama Desert, the farmers’ diet was altered by the Inka corvée tax system of maize production. The corvée tax imposed on the farming societies was specifically on chicha, a fermented drink made of maize. In return, the Inka system of complementarity introduced previously rare foods from the Andean highlands into local economies. The analysis of starch in coprolites shows that the loss in chicha as a dietary mainstay was not offset completely by the introduction of high altitude produce. Instead, the evidence shows that the farming communities increased their reliance on manioc. Combined with previously published infection information for the same populations under Inka rule, the data suggest that there may have been a dual health impact from disruption of nutrition and introduction of crowd disease.
  • Full Citation: Reinhard KJ (2012) La Mita y Análisisde Dieta Durante el Horizonte Inca en los Valles de Arica. Seminar presented in Spanish at the Instituto de Alta Investigación, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica, Chile.
What Lice Teach Us about Ancient Cultures: the Late Intermediate Period of the Lower Moquegua Valley, Peru
  • Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
  • Date: 6/15/2012
  • Abstract: An analysis of louse prevalence on mummies and quantification of the numbers of eggs per infested mummy was completed for 146 mummies from the lower Moquegua Valley of southern Peru, focusing on Chiribaya sites. Individual cases show interesting stories related to medical care. One individual shows a severe facial deformity. This person was extremely infested with lice. This suggests that certain people fell outside of normal care by the population and were overwhelmed by their diseases. Another individual shows that adhesive substances were applied to the hair which covered and suffocated the lice. Therefore, it appears that treatments for lice were available, but rarely used. On a population level, the epidemiology of infection was the opposite of modern people. Children were less at risk for infestation. Adult men were most infested. Generally, 10% of the population carried 70% of the lice. This pattern was not true for a group of immigrants who were of the lowest social status. This group had very high infestations. Therefore, individual health status, sex, age and social status were the cultural factors that defined the paleoepidemiology of louse infestation.
  • Full Citation: Reinhard KJ (2012) What Lice Teach Us about Ancient Cultures: the Late Intermediate Period of the Lower Moquegua Valley, Peru. Seminar presented in Spanish at the Instituto de Alta Investigación, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica, Chile.
Complementary Morphological and Molecular Methodology in the study of Prehistoric Parasitism
  • Presentation Type: Oral Presentation
  • Date: 8/11/2011
  • Full Citation: Cleeland L, M Reichard, R Tito, C Lewis, K Reinhard, 2011 Complementary Morphological and Molecular Methodology in the study of Prehistoric Parasitism (Lauren Cleeland, lead author), 4th Meeting of the Paleopathology Association in South America, Lima, Peru.
Forensic Palynological Investigation of Marijuana Use: From Paraphernalia to Corpses
  • Presentation Type: Team Presentation
  • Date: 8/10/2011
  • Full Citation: 08/10/2011 Forensic Palynological Investigation of Marijuana Use: From Paraphernalia to Corpses, 2011 Trace Evidence Symposium: Science, Significance and Impact.
Forensic Palynological Analysis Of Intestinal Contents of a Korean Mummy
  • Presentation Type: Team Presentation
  • Date: 6/12/2011
  • Full Citation: Paulette Arguelles, lead author, Forensic Palynological Analysis Of Intestinal Contents of a Korean Mummy, AAAS/Mummy Congress.

Educational Background

  • BA - University of Arizona (1977)
  • MS - University of Northern Arizona (1985)
  • PhD - Texas A&M University (1988)

Awards

  • 2012 – Ciencia sem Fronteiras awarded by Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior 
  • 2012 – The Prêmio Jabuti literary award in Brazil awarded by Câmara Brasileira do Livro  
  • 2009 – Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars awarded by UNL International Studies 
  • 2007 – research, teaching and lab development in Per awarded by FULBRIGHT/NFS 
  • 2005 – Archaeobotany/palynology classes, Brazil awarded by FULBRIGHT/CNP 
  • 2001 – Research and teaching in Brazil (2001-2002) awarded by FULBRIGHT/CAPES 

SNR Faculty Area(s)

Affiliations (index)

Professional Organizations

Notable Websites

Relation of Ancient Diet to Modern Diabetes, Origin and Pathoecology of Human Parasites, Forensic Science, International Education

Currently this page only displays grants that were awarded on 1/1/2009 to the present. If a grant was awarded prior to 1/1/2009 and is still active, it will not be displayed on this page.

There no Grants found for this selection.

Undergraduate Majors Bachelor of Science in
  • Environmental Studies
Graduate Program(s)

Master of Science in Natural Resource Sciences


including specializations in
  • Applied Ecology

Doctor of Philosophy in Natural Resource Sciences


including specializations in
  • Applied Ecology

Courses Taught
Course Number Course Title Fall Even Years Fall Odd Years Spring Even Years Spring Odd Years Summer Session Cross Listing
NRES 446 Pollen Analysis for Behavioral, Biological, and Forensic Science X X FORS 446/846, NRES 846
NRES 498 Special Topics: Archaeoparistology X X X
NRES 846 Pollen Analysis for Behavioral, Biological, and Forensic Science X X FORS 446/846, NRES 446
NRES 898 Special Topics: Archaeoparistology X X X

SNR Speakers Bureau

What I can speak about:

1) Origin of Agriculture in the Andes, 2) Archaeological Evidence of Natural Resources in Ancient Diet, 3) Ancient Origins of Parasites of Humans

When I am most available to speak:

week nights

What target audiences I am most comfortable speaking to:

  • Middle/High School
  • College
  • OLLI - lifelong learning for adults 50 years and older)
  • General Public