As part of the National Cooperative Soil Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Natural Resources Conservation Service, the division's soils program maps, inventories and studies soils and interprets this data. It also studies the formation and structure of soils as they relate to the landscape, geology and climate of Nebraska and integrates this research with studies in geology, groundwater, waste disposal, agriculture, civil engineering and other related disciplines.
Since 1995, all 93 Nebraska counties have had a modern soil survey, a process that began in the mid-1950s. These map-based reports can be used by farmers and ranchers, but also by agricultural researchers, appraisers, architects, assessors, community planners, ecologists, educators, engineers, environmentalists, hydrologists, irrigation, land and watershed developers, realtors and sanitarians.
Soil survey work continues as updating of this information is needed to meet more exacting demands for more detailed and accurate soils data.