Amphibians

Great Plains Toad

Great Plains Toad

Scientific Name: Anaxyrus cognatus (Formerly:  Bufo cognatus)

Family: Bufonidae

Description & Size

  • Dry, warty skin
  • Short fore and hind limbs compared to the other frogs of the state
  • Flattened face
  • Large gland behind each eye (paratoid glands)
  • Large crests on the top of the head (Cranial crests) that merge into a V-shaped raised area of the skin (boss)
  • Total length:  4.6-11.4 cm (1.8-4.5 in)
  • Back color:  brown to green to gray
  • Dark blotches on the back outlined by white or cream
  • Belly color:  white with no spots

Habitat

  • Short, mixed, and tallgrass prairies
  • Agricultural ditches
  • Permanent bodies of water
  • Flood plains

Diet

  • Short, mixed, and tallgrass prairies
  • Agricultural ditches
  • Permanent bodies of water
  • Flood plains

Diet:

  • Invertebrates

Life History

  • Nocturnal
  • Active season:  late March – October
  • Breeding season:  April – September
  • Lays eggs
  • Up to 20,000 eggs per female

Range

Great Plains Toad Range