Salamanders

Smallmouthed Salamander (Formerly Small-mouth Salamader)

Smallmouthed Salamander (Formerly Small-mouth Salamader)

Scientific Name: Ambystoma texanum

Family: Ambystomatidae

Description & Size

  • Smooth, slimy skin
  • Short fore and hind limbs
  • Small head and mouth
  • Total length:  10.0-14.0 cm (3.9-5.5 inches)
  • Has speckles throughout entire body
  • Speckles:  Grayish-blue, silver, or bronze
  • Base color:  olive green to brown

Habitat

  • Fishless, permanent or semi-permanent bodies of water (Larvae)
  • Moist woodlands
  • Moist prairies
  • Agricultural ditches
  • Crawfish burrows

Diet

  • Aquatic invertebrates (Larvae)
  • Worms
  • Terrestrial arthropods

Life History

  • Nocturnal, rarely diurnal
  • Active season:  Late February – December (Walston and Mullin, 2007)
  • Breeding season:  Late Winter – late April
  • Lays gelatinous eggs
  • Number of eggs:  100s of per female

Range

Smallmouthed Salamander (Formerly Small-mouth Salamader) Range