Nose upturned, dull olive to pale brown with 29-52 dark patterns
on back, similar to the Prairie Rattlesnake. Belly with large
black areas that may be intermixed with some white and yellow.
Underside of tail is dark, similar to belly.
Dry prairie grasslands on sandy soils.
Typical adult length: 41-64 cm (16-25 in) Maximum: 39 inches
(Collins & Collins 1993).
Toads, lizards, amphibians, small mammals, and reptile eggs.
History: Hognose snakes often frighten attackers by mimicking
the behaviors of rattlesnakes. When pressed they will often
roll over and play dead, or will
hide their head under body coils. The belly of the hognose is
heavily marked with black. Scientists have guessed that exposing
this dark belly when playing dead makes the snake look as if
it is not only dead but also decomposed.
rattlesnakes and playing dead puts the hognose among nature's
better actors, but there are limits to its acting abilities.
If a hognose is playing dead by turning belly up and you flip
the snake right side up again, it will immediately flip belly
up again. Evidently they don't know that dead snakes can't turn
over. These interesting behaviors occur in both Eastern and
Western Hognose snakes but are more common in the Eastern Hognose.
upturned nose is used for digging. These snakes dig through
sandy soils following scent trails to foods such as toads and
turtle eggs. Another adaptation for eating toads are enlarged
teeth at the rear of upper jaw. A toad under attack can inflate
its body with air to avoid being eaten. The hognose's enlarged
teeth can puncture and deflate the toad so it can be swallowed