Western Worm Snake

Western Worm Snake

Scientific Name: Carphophis vermis
(Formerly:  Carphophis amoenus)

Family: Dipsadidae



Description & Size

  • Legless
  • No eyelids
  • Lacks external ears
  • Scales on the back are smooth and glossy
  • Small head
  • Small eyes
  • Sharply pointed tail
  • Total length:  17.8-39.1 cm (7.0-15.4 in)
  • Purple coloration on top
  • Pink to orange coloration on bottom
  • Dividing point in the color is on or around the 3rd scale rows above the belly scales (ventral scales)


  • Moist woodlands
  • Wooded hillsides
  • Under rocks, bark, logs, and leaf litter


  • Earthworms
  • Insect larvae and pupae
  • Very small snakes

Life History

  • Fossorial
  • Active season:  spring – mid-fall
  • Breeding season:  March – June
  • Lays eggs
  • 1-6 eggs per female


Western Worm Snake Range