Snakes

Smooth Greensnake (Formerly Smooth Green Snake)

Smooth Greensnake (Formerly Smooth Green Snake)

Scientific Name: Opheodrys vernalis
Formerly:  Liochlorophis vernalis)

Family: Colubridae

Nonvenomous

 

Description & Size

  • Legless
  • No eyelids
  • Lacks external ears
  • Scales on the back are smooth
  • Single anal scale
  • Total length:  28.0-81.0 cm (11.0-31.9 in)
  • Back color:  green
  • Belly color:  yellow to white

Habitat

  • Wet meadows
  • Moist grasslands
  • Wet backyards
  • Wet roadside ditches
  • Avoids sandy soils

Diet

  • Primarily insectivorous
  • Other invertebrates
  • Small salamanders

Life History

  • Diurnal
  • Active season:  mid-April – late September
  • Breeding season:  spring – summer
  • Lays eggs
  • 2-12 eggs per female

Range

Smooth Greensnake (Formerly Smooth Green Snake) Range