yellow birch - Betulaceae Betula alleghaniensis

Foliage

yellow birch Foliage

Bark

yellow birch Bark

Twig

yellow birch Twig

Fruit

yellow birch Fruit
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Taxonomy

FamilyBetulaceae
GenusBetula
Speciesalleghaniensis
Common Nameyellow birch
iTree CodeBEAL2

Plant Form

FormTree: medium size, conical crown
Height75 feet
Spread35 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliagegreen, rounded base and pointed tip; doubly toothed edges; V-shaped veinsLeaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Barkgolden yellow with curling-papering strips; becoming dark and furrow ridges with age
Budpoint with over-lapping scales (imbricate), hairyBud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twigthin, yellow-brown with lenticels and spur shoots; wintergreen odor and taste when scratched
Flowercatkins; male: performed (year before), long, purple/yellow; female: green then brown; male and female on same tree (monoecious)
Fruitsmall papery cones containing wedge shaped nutlet
Fall Coloryellow, brown

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min2aMin4.0SoilModerate
Max7aMax8.0SprayModerate

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
IntermediateModerateYes

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada
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