American sweetgum, sweetgum - Hamamelidaceae Liquidambar styraciflua

Foliage

American sweetgum, sweetgum Foliage

Bud

American sweetgum, sweetgum Bud

Flower

American sweetgum, sweetgum Flower

Fruit

American sweetgum, sweetgum Fruit
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Taxonomy

FamilyHamamelidaceae
GenusLiquidambar
Speciesstyraciflua
Common NameAmerican sweetgum, sweetgum
iTree CodeLIST2

Plant Form

FormTree: large, pyramidal crown
Height100 feet
Spread60 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliagegreen, star-shaped with 5-7 pointed lobesLeaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Barkgray/brown, smooth developing deep furrows with rounded ridges
Budgreen to red/purple, plump coming to a point with overlapping scales (imbricate)Bud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twigmoderately stout, red to yellow/brown, often with corky-wings, aromatic
Flowerfemale: rounded, 2-beaked; male: upright, panicle; male and female on same tree (monoecious)
Fruitglobe-shaped, composite of capsules, opening (dehiscent) into beak-like structure; hanging on 2-3" stem
Fall Colorred, purple, yellow

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min5aMin4.5SoilIntolerant
Max9bMax7.0SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
IntolerantLowNo

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Mexico
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