buttonbush - Rubiaceae Cephalanthus occidentalis

Foliage

buttonbush Foliage

Bark

buttonbush Bark

Twig

buttonbush Twig

Flower

buttonbush Flower

Form

buttonbush Form
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Taxonomy

FamilyRubiaceae
GenusCephalanthus
Speciesoccidentalis
Common Namebuttonbush
iTree CodeCEOC2

Plant Form

FormShrub: often multi-stemmed
Height10 feet
Spread15 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliagedeciduous (evergreen in southern range), oval or narrowly oval coming to pointLeaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Bark gray/brown or green, smooth, becoming rough/shaggy with age
Budopposite or whorled; false terminal bud; conicalBud Arrangement Information IconOpposite
Twigmoderately stout, slightly hairy to smooth, gray/brown or green, obvious lenticels
Flowerglobe of many obvious white flowers
Fruitglobe shaped mass of nutlets - often persisting through winter
Fall Colorgreen, brown

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
MinMin4.6SoilModerate
MaxMax8.6SprayLow

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
UnknownUnknownUnknown

Species Status

Nebraska NativeYes Check
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada
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