black oak - Fagaceae Quercus velutina

Taxonomy

FamilyFagaceae
GenusQuercus
Speciesvelutina
Common Nameblack oak
iTree CodeQUVE

Plant Form

FormTree: rounded crown
Height80 feet
Spread50 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliageup to 8" long and 1/2 as wide, 7-9 lobes coming to points; slightly hairy along the veins; can be persist in winter (marcescent)Leaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Barkflat gray with narrow ridges and furrows, becoming darker and blocky with age
Budovate or conical with overlapping scales (imbricate), narrow and sharply pointed, slightly hairy - yellow/gray hairsBud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twigred/brown, current year has downy hair, then smooth
Flowermale and female on the tree (monoecious)
Fruitacorn, 3/4" long, light brown with striate (stripes), cup covers 1/3 of nut with overlapping scales
Fall Colordeep red

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3aMin4.1SoilIntolerant
Max9bMax6.5SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
IntermediateLowNo

Species Status

Nebraska NativeYes Check
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States
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