sweet birch - Betulaceae Betula lenta

Foliage

sweet birch Foliage

Bark

sweet birch Bark

Fruit

sweet birch Fruit

Color

sweet birch Color
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Taxonomy

FamilyBetulaceae
GenusBetula
Specieslenta
Common Namesweet birch
iTree CodeBELE

Plant Form

FormTree: narrow pyramidal crown when young, spreading irregular crown with age
Height60 feet
Spread30 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliagegreen, oval to narrowly heart shaped with pointed tip; single or doubly-serrated edges; hair on veins and leaf stem (petiole)Leaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Barkdark purple/brown with lenticels; cracking into stiff plates, then furrowed ridges
Budbrown/red, conical and pointed with overlapping (imbricate) scalesBud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twigslender, red/brown with lenticels and spur shoots; wintergreen smell and taste when crushed
Flowercatkins; male: performed (year before), narrow, 2-3" long; female: shorter and broader; male and female on same tree (monoecious)
Fruitsmall winged nutlet
Fall Colorbright yellow

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min4aMin5.0SoilIntolerant
Max7aMax7.4SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
IntolerantModerateYes

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada
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