Norway spruce - Pinaceae Picea abies

Foliage

Norway spruce Foliage

Bud

Norway spruce Bud

Fruit

Norway spruce Fruit

Form

Norway spruce Form
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Taxonomy

FamilyPinaceae
GenusPicea
Speciesabies
Common NameNorway spruce
iTree CodePIAB

Plant Form

FormTree: medium to large, pyramidal form with dropping branches
Height100 feet
Spread40 feet
DeciduousNo

Identification Description

Foliagegreen attached via a wooden peg (sterigma), square in cross-section (easily rolls between thumb and index finger), pointedLeaf Type Information IconNeedle
Needles1
Barkgray flaky, scaly with plates when older; resinous at wounds
BudLight brown or reddish brown similar in color to twig, about 1/4 as tall as needles, scales appear to be unfolding outwardsBud Arrangement Information IconNone
Twigorange-brown with drooping curtain-like branchlets
Flower female: purplish red/ pink in color, originate from terminal ends of branches, found throughout crown; male and female on the same tree (monoecious)
Fruitlarge cone with thin-stiff scales 6-8” long
Fall Colorgreen

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min1bMin3.7SoilModerate
Max7bMax7.5SprayModerate

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
TolerantModerateUnknown

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native
Region of OriginEuropean Alps, Balkan mountains, Carpathians, Scandinavia
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