musclewood, bluebeech - Betulaceae Carpinus caroliniana

Video

CACA18

Taxonomy

FamilyBetulaceae
GenusCarpinus
Speciescaroliniana
Common Namemusclewood, bluebeech
iTree CodeCACA18

Plant Form

FormTree: rounded crown
Height30 feet
Spread20 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliagelong, oval with pointed tip, finely serrated edge and V-shaped veinsLeaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Barkthin, smooth gray; rippled wood, gives the trunk & branches a “muscled” appearance
Budsmall pointed, reddish/brown with distinct overlapping scales (imbricate)Bud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twiggray/brown, slender, zig-zag
Flowercatkins green/yellow; male: are slender and pendulous (formed same year); female: are shorter; male and female on the same tree (monoecious)
Fruita leafy bract hanging groups with a small nutlet underneath in a "stacked" bunch
Fall Colorred, orange, yellow

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3bMin4.0SoilIntolerant
Max9aMax7.4SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
TolerantIntolerantNo

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada
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