ironwood, hophornbeam - Betulaceae Ostrya virginiana

Foliage

ironwood, hophornbeam Foliage

Bark

ironwood, hophornbeam Bark

Bud

ironwood, hophornbeam Bud

Twig

ironwood, hophornbeam Twig

Flower

ironwood, hophornbeam Flower

Fruit

ironwood, hophornbeam Fruit
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Taxonomy

FamilyBetulaceae
GenusOstrya
Speciesvirginiana
Common Nameironwood, hophornbeam
iTree CodeOSVI

Plant Form

FormTree:
Height30 feet
Spread15 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliagegreen, oblong to oval with pointed tip, doubly serrated, short petioleLeaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Barktan/brown with thin vertical strips
Budbrown/red, or green, pointed, with overlapping scales (imbricate)Bud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twigslender, light gray to tannish brown or reddish brown, zig-zag appearance
Flowermale: performed catkins in group of 3, green tinged with red: female: catkins develop singly from new growth, greenish with red stigmas; male and female on same trees (monoecious)
Fruitnutlet inside an air-bladder, groups stacked in hanging clusters, noticeably hairy
Fall Coloryellow

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3aMin4.1SoilIntolerant
Max11aMax7.5SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
TolerantModerateNo

Species Status

Nebraska NativeYes Check
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada, Mexico
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