horsechestnut - Sapindaceae Aesculus hippocastanum

Taxonomy

FamilySapindaceae
GenusAesculus
Specieshippocastanum
Common Namehorsechestnut
iTree CodeAEHI

Plant Form

FormTree: rounded crown
Height75 feet
Spread65 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliagelarge with 5-9 leaflets; leaflets narrow at base with round top, serrated edgeLeaf Type Information IconCompound - Palmate
Needles0
Barkgray/brown with stiff scaly patches or plates as trees age
Budvery large, conical with obvious overlapping scales (imbricate), shiny and slightly tacky to the touchBud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twigstout, current year red/brown then gray with large, shield shaped leaf scar
Flowerupright flowers, large & white (red/yellow marks) very showy, male and female on the same trees
Fruitlarge and roundish with spiny husks containing leather-brown nuts with a white patch
Fall Coloryellow, orange

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3bMin5.0SoilModerate
Max7bMax8.0SprayModerate

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
IntolerantModerateUnknown

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native
Region of OriginSoutheastern Europe
Previous FamilyHippocastanaceae
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