eastern hemlock - Pinaceae Tsuga canadensis

Foliage

eastern hemlock Foliage

Bud

eastern hemlock Bud

Twig

eastern hemlock Twig

Video

Taxonomy

FamilyPinaceae
GenusTsuga
Speciescanadensis
Common Nameeastern hemlock
iTree CodeTSCA

Plant Form

FormTree: medium size, conical crown often with dropping terminal leader
Height80 feet
Spread30 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliageneedles (1/4" to 1/2") long tapering toward twig end, dark green with two white (stomatal) lines undersideLeaf Type Information IconNeedle
Needles1
Barkgrayish to brownish red, scaly when young and cracking into large flaky plates with age
Budvery small, roundedBud Arrangement Information IconNone
Twigthin, brown to gray
Flowerpollen bearing: yellow, small, round; cone producing: green at twig/branch tip
Fruitovoid cone, light brown, 1/2" to 3/4"
Fall Colorgreen

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3bMin4.1SoilIntolerant
Max7bMax5.6SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
TolerantIntolerantNo

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada