hackberry - Cannabaceae Celtis occidentalis

Video

CEOC

Taxonomy

FamilyCannabaceae
GenusCeltis
Speciesoccidentalis
Common Namehackberry
iTree CodeCEOC

Plant Form

FormTree: irregular , spreading crown
Height60 feet
Spread40 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliageserrated edge, uneven base. nipple galls (bumps on leaf) are commonLeaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Barkgrayish, with distinct hard-corky ridges (occasional smooth patches)
Budgray/brown, pressed tight to the twig, fuzzyBud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twigtwigs slender, slightly zigzagged; current year greenish with lenticels
Flowerlight green, inconspicuous, male and female on the same tree
Fruitfirst green then dark purple berry-like (drupe) sweet covering with hard seed, s
Fall Coloryellow

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min2aMin6.0SoilIntolerant
Max8bMax7.8SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
TolerantHighYes

Species Status

Nebraska NativeYes Check
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada
More InformationVisit External Site