European white poplar, white poplar - Salicaceae Populus alba

Foliage

European white poplar, white poplar Foliage

Bark

European white poplar, white poplar Bark

Form

European white poplar, white poplar Form

Taxonomy

FamilySalicaceae
GenusPopulus
Speciesalba
Common NameEuropean white poplar, white poplar
iTree CodePOAL7

Plant Form

FormTree: medium to large
Height50 feet
Spread30 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliagedark green above and light whitish and hairy below, leaves have 3-5 lobes, sinuses become more pronounced on larger mature leavesLeaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Barkyoung bark is light greenish gray to white, bark starts to develop dark blotches (potentially geometrically shaped), the most mature bark is strongly ridged and furrowed
Budconical, light tannish to reddish brown, buds white hairsBud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twiglight chalky gray, white hairs
Flowerdioecious; male flowers form on 3-4" long catkins, red to purple colored anthers, hairy appearance; female catkins are greenish
Fruittwo-valved capsule
Fall Colorfall very early, usually show no coloration, could be yellow or red based on various authorities

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3aMin5.6SoilHigh
Max9aMax8.0SprayHigh

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
IntolerantHighYes

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native
Region of OriginAsia-Temperate, Europe, Northern Africa
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