European buckthorn - Rhamnaceae Rhamnus cathartica

Taxonomy

FamilyRhamnaceae
GenusRhamnus
Speciescathartica
Common NameEuropean buckthorn
iTree CodeRHCA3

Plant Form

FormShrub or tree: large shrub or small tree, often multi-stemmed, can be hedged
Height25 feet
Spread15 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliageround to oval, serrate edge; resemble apple or cherry leavesLeaf Type Information IconSimple
Needles0
Barksmooth, red/brown with lenticels, darker& scaly on older trees
Budtwo terminal buds with thorn between, lateral buds often on spur shoots; can be alternate or oppositeBud Arrangement Information IconOpposite
Twigslender gray, can have thorny secondary twigs and spur shoots
Flowersmall yellow/green (umbel), male and female typically on separate plants
Fruitround, shiny purple/black berry-like
Fall Colorbrown/yellow

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min2bMin6.0SoilModerate
Max7bMax8.0SprayModerate

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
TolerantHighYes

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native
Region of Origin
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