red elderberry - Adoxaceae Sambucus pubens

Taxonomy

FamilyAdoxaceae
GenusSambucus
Speciespubens
Common Namered elderberry
iTree CodeSAPU

Plant Form

FormA large thick deciduous shrub or small tree growing 10-25 feet tall.
Height0 feet
Spread0 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

FoliagePinnately compound, 5-7 leaflets per leaf, leaflets sharply serrate, ovate to oblong or elliptical, petioles may have reddish appearance, foliage has a distinct odor.Leaf Type Information IconCompound - Pinnate
Needles0
BarkGray to gray brown, young bark is smooth with bumpy warty lenticels; older bark becomes rough with thin plate like scales.
BudOvoid, plump, purplish red to green, several large scales.Bud Arrangement Information IconOpposite
TwigGray, pithy, pith is yellowish brown, brittle, lenticels are a similar color.
FlowerMonoecious perfect; small yellowish or creamy white flowers form on a cyme.
FruitSmall red berries found in clusters, shiny, 3-5 seeds per berry.
Fall Color

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3bMin5.0SoilModerate
Max6aMax8.0SprayHigh

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
IntermediateModerateUnknown

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada