Austrian pine - Pinaceae Pinus nigra

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PINI

Taxonomy

FamilyPinaceae
GenusPinus
Speciesnigra
Common NameAustrian pine
iTree CodePINI

Plant Form

FormTree: medium to large with conical rounded crown
Height70 feet
Spread40 feet
DeciduousNo

Identification Description

Foliagedark green needles attached in pairs, 5-7” longLeaf Type Information IconNeedle
Needles2
Barkgray/black with red/pink having irregular plates developing furrows with age
Budlarge with white resin appearing in late summer through winterBud Arrangement Information IconNone
Twiggray with distinct ridges where needles where previously attached
Flowermale- yellow; female- yellow/green
Fruitcones 3-4” long; tan, woody scales with a small spine (falls off at maturity)
Fall Colorgreen

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3aMin4.5SoilModerate
Max7aMax8.0SprayModerate

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
IntolerantModerateUnknown

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native
Region of OriginEurope
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