balsam fir - Pinaceae Abies balsamea

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Taxonomy

FamilyPinaceae
GenusAbies
Speciesbalsamea
Common Namebalsam fir
iTree CodeABBA

Plant Form

FormTree: pyramidal crown
Height70 feet
Spread25 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliagegreen upper, with gray/white stomatal lines under; ~1" long, flat; attached to twig with a "suction cup" like baseLeaf Type Information IconNeedle
Needles1
Barkgray/green, resin blisters typically cover the trunk; breaking into irregular plates with age
Budsmall, ovoid, resinousBud Arrangement Information IconNone
Twigsmooth with small gray hairs
Floweryellow, beneath needles, appearance similar to catkins; male and female on same tree (monoecious)
Fruitpurple, then gray/brown; upright on the branch; deciduous cone scales, leaving a persist peg on the branch
Fall Colorgreen

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min2aMin4.0SoilIntolerant
Max5aMax6.5SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
TolerantIntolerantUnknown

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada
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