bitternut hickory - Juglandaceae Carya cordiformis

Foliage

bitternut hickory Foliage

Bark

bitternut hickory Bark

Bud

bitternut hickory Bud

Fruit

bitternut hickory Fruit

Form

bitternut hickory Form

Video

Taxonomy

FamilyJuglandaceae
GenusCarya
Speciescordiformis
Common Namebitternut hickory
iTree CodeCACO15

Plant Form

FormTree: narrow crown, long clear trunk
Height100 feet
Spread50 feet
DeciduousYes

Identification Description

Foliage5-7 leaflets, serrate, narrowly ovate to lanceolate, base leaflets smaller than terminal leafletLeaf Type Information IconCompound - Pinnate
Needles0
Barklight gray/brown, smooth when young, then lightly textured shallow and narrow fissures with age
Budterminal: sulfur yellow with non-overlapping scales (valvate); lateral: hairy, smaller than terminalBud Arrangement Information IconAlternate
Twigmoderately stout, gray/brown
Flowermale: pendulous catkins, yellow/green; female: on short spikes, green; male and female on same tree (monoecious)
Fruitnut encased in leathery husk (green then brown), spherical to ovoid in shape; husk with 4 sections (sutures)
Fall Coloryellow

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zonespH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3aMin5.5SoilIntolerant
Max8aMax8.0SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
IntermediateHighUnknown

Species Status

Nebraska NativeYes Check
U.S. NativeYes Check
Region of OriginNorth America
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