paper birch - Betulaceae Betula papyrifera



Common Namepaper birch
iTree CodeBEPA

Plant Form

FormTree: upright, narrow or pyramidal crown
Height70 feet
Spread35 feet

Identification Description

Foliagegreen, doubly serrate edges, leaf base - symmetrical, rounded, pointed tip Leaf Type  Information Icon Simple
Barkyoung- reddish with lenticels; then white peeling bark; then white with black furrows
Budred/brown, pointed with overlapping scales Bud Arrangement Information Icon Alternate
Twigslender, red/brown with lenticels
Flowercatkins; male: performed (year before) at twig end; female broader and upright; male and female on the same tree (monoecious)
Fruitpaper cone containing small, circular winged nutlet
Fall Coloryellow

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zones pH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min2a Min4.1 SoilIntolerant
Max6b Max7.4 SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
Intolerant Low No

Species Status

Nebraska Native Yes Check
U.S. Native Yes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada
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