black oak - Fagaceae Quercus velutina


Common Nameblack oak
iTree CodeQUVE

Plant Form

FormTree: rounded crown
Height80 feet
Spread50 feet

Identification Description

Foliageup to 8" long and 1/2 as wide, 7-9 lobes coming to points; slightly hairy along the veins; can be persist in winter (marcescent) Leaf Type  Information Icon Simple
Barkflat gray with narrow ridges and furrows, becoming darker and blocky with age
Budovate or conical with overlapping scales (imbricate), narrow and sharply pointed, slightly hairy - yellow/gray hairs Bud Arrangement Information Icon Alternate
Twigred/brown, current year has downy hair, then smooth
Flowermale and female on the tree (monoecious)
Fruitacorn, 3/4" long, light brown with striate (stripes), cup covers 1/3 of nut with overlapping scales
Fall Colordeep red

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zones pH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3a Min4.1 SoilIntolerant
Max9b Max6.5 SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
Intermediate Low No

Species Status

Nebraska Native Yes Check
U.S. Native Yes Check
Region of OriginUnited States
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