white fir, concolor fir - Pinaceae Abies concolor


Common Namewhite fir, concolor fir
iTree CodeABCO

Plant Form

FormTree: full, pyramidal crown
Height100 feet
Spread30 feet

Identification Description

Foliageblue-green needles, singly attached via a "suction cup" to the twig, curved upward on twig, citrus odor when crushed Leaf Type  Information Icon Needle
Barkgray, smooth with few resinous blister; becoming deeply, irregularly ridged with age
Budlight brown, conical, blunt, and resinous
Twigyellow/green on current year, then gray/brown
Pollen Conemale red/violet with male and female on the same tree (monoecious)
Seed Conecone: light pale green to brown during maturation; 3-6" long, 1.5-1.75" wide, cylinder shaped; upright on the stem; deciduous scale leaving a peg; male and female on the same tree (monoecious)
Fall Colorblue-green

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zones pH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3a Min5.5 SoilIntolerant
Max9b Max7.8 SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
Intermediate Moderate No

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native Yes Check
Region of OriginUnited States
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