European white poplar, white poplar - Salicaceae Populus alba


European white poplar, white poplar Foliage


European white poplar, white poplar Bark


European white poplar, white poplar Form


Common NameEuropean white poplar, white poplar
iTree CodePOAL7

Plant Form

FormTree: medium to large
Height50 feet
Spread30 feet

Identification Description

Foliagedark green above and light whitish and hairy below, leaves have 3-5 lobes, sinuses become more pronounced on larger mature leaves Leaf Type  Information Icon Simple
Barkyoung bark is light greenish gray to white, bark starts to develop dark blotches (potentially geometrically shaped), the most mature bark is strongly ridged and furrowed
Budconical, light tannish to reddish brown, buds white hairs Bud Arrangement Information Icon Alternate
Twiglight chalky gray, white hairs
Flowerdioecious; male flowers form on 3-4" long catkins, red to purple colored anthers, hairy appearance; female catkins are greenish
Fruittwo-valved capsule
Fall Colorfall very early, usually show no coloration, could be yellow or red based on various authorities

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zones pH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3a Min5.6 SoilHigh
Max9a Max8.0 SprayHigh

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
Intolerant High Yes

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native
Region of OriginAsia-Temperate, Europe, Northern Africa
More InformationVisit External Site