red elderberry - Adoxaceae Sambucus racemosa


Common Namered elderberry
iTree CodeSARA2

Plant Form

FormA large thick deciduous shrub or small tree growing 10-25 feet tall.
Height0 feet
Spread0 feet

Identification Description

FoliagePinnately compound, 5-7 leaflets per leaf, leaflets sharply serrate, ovate to oblong or elliptical, petioles may have reddish appearance, foliage has a distinct odor. Leaf Type  Information Icon Compound - Pinnate
BarkGray to gray brown, young bark is smooth with bumpy warty lenticels; older bark becomes rough with thin plate like scales.
BudOvoid, plump, purplish red to green, several large scales. Bud Arrangement Information Icon Opposite
TwigGray, pithy, pith is yellowish brown, brittle, lenticels are a similar color.
FlowerMonoecious perfect; small yellowish or creamy white flowers form on a cyme.
FruitSmall red berries found in clusters, shiny, 3-5 seeds per berry.
Fall Color

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zones pH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3b Min5.0 SoilModerate
Max6a Max8.0 SprayHigh

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
Intermediate Moderate Unknown

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native Yes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada