balsam fir - Pinaceae Abies balsamea


Common Namebalsam fir
iTree CodeABBA

Plant Form

FormTree: pyramidal crown
Height70 feet
Spread25 feet

Identification Description

Foliagegreen upper, with gray/white stomatal lines under; ~1" long, flat; attached to twig with a "suction cup" like base Leaf Type  Information Icon Needle
Barkgray/green, resin blisters typically cover the trunk; breaking into irregular plates with age
Budsmall, ovoid, resinous
Twigsmooth with small gray hairs
Pollen Coneyellow, beneath needles, appearance similar to catkins; male and female on same tree (monoecious)
Seed Conepurple, then gray/brown; upright on the branch; deciduous cone scales, leaving a persist peg on the branch
Fall Colorgreen

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zones pH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min2a Min4.0 SoilIntolerant
Max5a Max6.5 SprayIntolerant

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
Tolerant Intolerant Unknown

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native Yes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada
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