blue spruce, Colorado spruce - Pinaceae Picea pungens


Common Nameblue spruce, Colorado spruce
iTree CodePIPU

Plant Form

FormA medium sized conifer growing between 30' and 60' tall.
Height60 feet
Spread20 feet

Identification Description

Foliagesingly attached needles, very sharply points; green or bluish in color; pungent odor when crushed Leaf Type  Information Icon Needle
Barkgrayish-brown flaky or scaly; frequent bluish sap oozing from wounds
Budconical, orange or brown, scales may appear as opening
Twigorange on current year’s growth; then gray in later years
Pollen Conemale (strobili) orange to red; female (strobili) green to purple, typically in the upper canopy
Seed Conepapery cone 3-5” long, with fringed scales; brown to golden in color, hanging down on branch
Fall Colorgreen, blue

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zones pH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min3a Min4.0 SoilHigh
Max7a Max7.8 SprayHigh

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
Intermediate Intolerant Unknown

Species Status

Nebraska Native
U.S. Native Yes Check
Region of OriginUnited States
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