eastern cottonwood - Salicaceae Populus deltoides


Common Nameeastern cottonwood
iTree CodePODE3

Plant Form

FormTree: very large both tall and thick trunk
Height190 feet
Spread70 feet

Identification Description

Foliagedark green, shiny; triangular shape with rounded teeth; stem flat Leaf Type  Information Icon Simple
Barkgray, thick deep furrows with flat-topped ridges
Budterminal bud large sticky yellow/green, conical/pointed Bud Arrangement Information Icon Alternate
Twigstout, gray/green with “bumpy” leaf & bud scar
Flowermale catkins are stout, red/white; female catkins green-yellow.
Fruittufted-cottony seeds (female only) distributed via wind
Fall Coloryellow

Site Characteristics

USDA Zones   info for zones pH LevelsSalt Tolerance
Min2b Min4.5 SoilModerate
Max9a Max6.5 SprayModerate

Shade ToleranceDrought ToleranceAllelopathy
Intolerant Moderate Yes

Species Status

Nebraska Native Yes Check
U.S. Native Yes Check
Region of OriginUnited States, Canada, Mexico
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